Andrew Jackson And The Kitchen Cabinet

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Andrew Jackson, 1767-1845

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Seventh President, 1829-1837

Personal Information

Jackson was built-in in the again alien Waxhaws arena of the Carolinas, on March 15, 1767. His parents were Scots-Irish immigrants, and his ancestor died aloof three weeks shy of Jackson’s birth.

One of three accouchement (all boys), Jackson grew up in near-poverty and accustomed actual little ancestry as a child. His earlier brother Hugh died of calefaction achievement during the Action of Stono Ferry—a action adjoin the British, abreast Charleston, SC, during the American Revolution in 1779. Andrew, again thirteen years old, abutting the bounded militia as a patriot courier.

At fifteen years of age, Jackson and his added brother, Robert, were captured by the British in 1781. Jackson’s face was bargain by a British officer’s brand back he banned to brightness his boots while in imprisoned, abrogation abiding scars. While in confinement, the two brothers apprenticed smallpox, from which Robert would die aloof a few canicule afterwards actuality released.

Soon afterwards the afterlife of his brother, Jackson’s mother died of cholera and Jackson was orphaned at the age of 14. The deaths of his ancestors associates led to his constant disbelief of Britain.

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In 1791, Jackson affiliated Rachel Donelson Robards (1767-1828). He was her additional husband; she afar her aboriginal husband, Lewis Robards.

In 1802 Jackson was appointed as above accepted of the Tennessee militia, and would after advance troops in the War of 1812.

Jackson led his troops to achievement in the Action of Horseshow Bend in March of 1814, which decimated the Red Sticks, a band of the Creek Indians, and advance to the US accepting 20 actor acreage of acreage in what is now Georgia and Alabama. Jackson would again be answer to above general. 

Although the War of 1812 had clearly ended, the British after attempted to abstracted the Louisiana Territory from the blow of the US. “Mad Dog Jackson,” as he was accepted during his aggressive career, led his soldiers to achievement adjoin the British in the Action of New Orleans in January of 1815, admitting his 5,000 soldiers actuality outnumbered about two-to-one.

Campaign

Jackson was nominated for admiral in 1824, but absent to John Quincy Adams back the acclamation came bottomward to the vote of apostle of the House, Henry Clay. Clay’s accommodation to abutment John Quincy Adams became accepted as the “Corrupt Bargain” already it was begin out that Adams alleged Clay as his secretary of state.

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Reactions to the “Corrupt Bargain” led the House to appoint Jackson for admiral in 1825, three years afore the 1828 election.

During the election, Jackson was nicknamed “jackass” by his opponents. He admired the name so abundant that he acclimated a attribute of a donkey in his attack for a abbreviate time. While his use of the attribute died down, the donkey would after become a attribute of the new Democratic Party.

Supporters of Adams accused Jackson of actuality a tyrant who would use his position to accomplish Napoleonic-like ambitions. Jackson alleged Adams an elitist who capital to access government in adjustment to account the alleged “aristocracy,” Americans of astronomic wealth.

In the abatement of 1828, Jackson won the vote, absolute that the American accessible adopted him because he stood for the “common man,” an angel he accurate back he gave the vote to all white macho citizens (rather than alone to white acreage owners).

The 1828 acclamation was apparent as a rematch amid John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson; the closing won, in part, because of the “Corrupt Bargain” acclamation of 1824.

Challenges

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In Congress, “Whigs,” as Jackson’s opponents became known, accepted to be above opponents. Due to their strength, Jackson acclimatized his veto ability added than all his predecessors combined, and he was the aboriginal admiral to use the abridged veto. In total, Jackson banned twelve bills.

In 1836 a account surplus of about 20 actor dollars absolutely abashed Jackson. Jackson active a surplus bill which broadcast the money amid the states. In an acclamation year, Jackson accepted the political ascendancy this could accord his best successor, Martin Van Buren.

Jackson replaced about 10% of offices which he captivated ability over, which was a aerial allotment in allegory to antecedent presidents. Jackson set up a “principle of rotation” by removing those whom he saw as base or about inept.

One of Jackson’s goals was to balance government finances. His spending controls accumulated with an added acquirement accustomed him to pay off the civic debt by 1835. This would be the alone time in U.S. history that the federal government was debt free.

Major Acts

The Indian Abatement Act of 1830 facilitated the affected displacement of Native Americans from their affiliated lands. In what is today accepted as the Trail of Tears, associates of the Cherokee Nation were angled up and crude westward by aggressive force in 1838 beneath Jackson’s almsman Martin Van Buren.

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Concluding a connected political action amid Jackson, Henry Clay and Alexander Hamilton over how to body the countries’ bread-and-butter strength, the Compromise of 1833 brought an end to assessment agitation until the 1840s. 

Jackson issued the Specie Circular in July 1836, acute acquittal in gold or argent for accessible lands. However, banks could not accommodated the appeal and began to fail, arch to the Panic of 1837. This had adverse furnishings on the abridgement throughout the advance of his almsman Martin Van Buren’s presidency.

Legacy

Andrew Jackson is of the best portrayed arch admiral in the history of presidential portraiture, absorption his ability as a aggressive hero and an accurate leader.

Caricaturists satirized every angle of Jackson’s political agenda, including his affiance to absolve the government of corruption, his action to annihilate the Civic Bank, his Indian Abatement Bill, his “Kitchen Cabinet” of advisors, and the admonishment of his successor, Martin Van Buren.

Five years afore his death, Jackson connected to affect commentary. An 1840 commodity on the break of the Argent Jubilee of the Action of New Orleans opined, “What a admirable man is Andrew Jackson!… the adamant man of his age—the apotheosis of American courage.” Jackson’s “iron will” was the way that bodies of the aeon saw what we apperceive today was the genocide and abatement of Native Americans.

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