Terms: 1829-1837Political Party: DemocratFirst Lady: Rachel Donelson JacksonVice President: John C. Calhoun, Martin Van Buren
OverviewBorn: March 15, 1767, in Waxhaw, South Carolina… Jackson embodied the ideal of the self-made American man, and his autonomous address lay in his bulletin of admittance adjoin what he characterized as accepted enactment interests. He balked the able politicians of Congress with his affirmation that any man should be able to authority adopted (or appointed) appointment and by his bull and able use of the presidential veto and annoyer pulpit. Critics answerable that his ballyhooed disenfranchisement of enactment interests was aloof a awning for the advocacy and accession of his own supporters… Died: June 8, 1845.
The Era1829: London’s Metropolitan Police Force established; aboriginal avant-garde police
1831: Nat Turner leads a bondservant apostasy that is put down, violently Massachusetts abbot Samuel Smith writes affectionate lyrics to a German tune, creating My Country, ‘Tis of Thee
1833: British Parliament passes a bill abandoning bullwork in its colonies, to booty aftereffect in one year
1834 – 1838: Spanish Civil War
1835: Frenchman Alexis De Tocqueville publishes Democracy in America James Smithson, a Brit who never visited the U.S., leaves an award for a Smithsonian Institute to the American government
1836: Texas declares its ability from Mexico; the new republic fights the Mexicans at the Alamo
Domestic PolicyEconomic action anchored Jackson’s bequest as a populist. When South Carolina annulled a federal assessment that affronted the state, Jackson threatened to aggregate the funds at gunpoint. The accompaniment backed down. When Whigs in Congress brought up a bill to allotment the Additional Bank of the United States — a clandestine academy that captivated Federal funds, awash U.S. bonds, and had disproportionate access over absorption rates, but was bound to no aborigine — in 1832, Jackson banned it, dismantling the bank; this was the aboriginal time a admiral justified a veto on action grounds, rather than on constitutionality. For abundant of the American accessible however, Jackson’s acceptability was congenital not on money affairs but on a lady’s honor. When Peggy Eaton, the wife of the secretary of war, was snubbed by added wives of chiffonier members, Jackson saw parallels with his own backward wife’s acceptability and took the befalling to deliquesce his chiffonier for a year, affair with an breezy accumulation of admiral he alleged the “kitchen cabinet” instead. Not coincidentally, he was able to abolition anyone who accurate his hated carnality president, John Calhoun.
Foreign AffairsBritain and France both approved to accumulate the United States from advisedly trading with the other. In 1830, however, Jackson adjourned an barter of aircraft rights with the British West Indies. By 1836, problems with France dating from the Napoleonic Wars accomplished an affable conclusion. Closer to home, Jackson accustomed the ability of Texas in 1837 and his administering instituted a action of affected alteration of Native American nations.
Presidential PoliticsAlthough Jackson won added balloter and accepted votes than any of his opponents in 1824, his abridgement of a majority gave the House of Representatives the ability to accept a president. Balked by what he advised a baseborn election, Jackson ran afresh and won in a barrage in 1828. His affiliation to the alive man ensured him reelection to a additional appellation in 1832. After his presidency, Jackson remained a almighty force in American backroom and the success of two of his protégés, Martin Van Buren and James Polk, can be traced to “Old Hickory.”