Here in New Zealand, acknowledgment to soils that haven’t been over-cultivated, air-conditioned winters and continued balmy autumns, we abound some cracker nuts. The acute variations amid our two islands advice widen the array as well. Macadamias abound in bartering orchards in the North Island bottomward to East Cape and Taranaki, almonds as far south as Blenheim, ache basics in Marlborough and walnuts throughout the country. Hazels, which charge some frost, abound able-bodied in the South Island but there is a advance to bulb added in the lower North Island too. Delicious aftertaste and advantageous protein aside, beginning basics accommodate the acceptable fats that accumulate the cardiovascular arrangement healthy. And now is the time to get arise because October 22 is National Nut Day and, as we all know, beginning (read local) is best.
Walnuts and hazelnuts
Uncle Joe’s: Jenny and Malcolm Horwell’s ancestors run business on the outskirts of Blenheim, sells accomplished basics and pieces, nut oils and hazelnut and walnut butters, which now appear in new “crunchy” versions. “Marlborough has a lot of old walnut copse of all varieties,” Jenny says. Walnut agriculture starts in March and continues through to backward April, Jenny says. “The capital affair is to get the basics off the arena as bound as accessible afterwards they fall, get the alfresco carapace broiled bound (if wet) and alpha the slower dry of the atom in good, aerial conditions. Commercially dehydration with air can booty annihilation from two canicule to a week, depending on the clamminess of the basics on arrival. The kernels are accessible to eat from here, so new division kernels can be accessible about one anniversary afterwards autumn in acceptable conditions.”
Jenny’s adviser to affairs and autumn walnuts: The central of the walnut atom should be a buttery colour, not opaque, which indicates old basics and rancidity. The alfresco bark should accept a flash and not be scuffed or bruised. Older kernels attending dull. “With walnuts, as anon as you betrayal the atom to air and ablaze — arise accessible the carapace — the acceptable fats, omega 3s, alpha to breach down. The added abrading of the kernel, the worse this is. This starts the action to rancidity,” Jenny adds.
Uncle Joe’s, like best added New Zealand processors, afresh cracks basics to adjustment throughout the year, allowance absorb nutrients. The freezer is best to accumulate the poly and address unsaturated fats of walnuts and hazelnuts in acceptable order. In-shell basics crave an airy, damp-free situation.
Hazelnuts, harvested in March in the Marlborough/Nelson region, afterwards the added south you go and in Canterbury, are hardier than walnuts. They don’t accommodate omega 3s but accept omega 6, with acceptable antioxidants in the bark of the kernel. They additionally accommodate vitamin E which agency hazelnuts won’t go rancid as bound as walnuts.They and accept a two-year shelf activity afterwards autumn as against to walnuts’ one year but accumulator in the freezer is still a acceptable idea. The shelf activity on Uncle Joe’s walnutand hazelnuts kernels is nine months, with a best till June the year afterwards harvest, acknowledgment to arise to order. Uncle Joe’s nuts, oils, butters and meal are accessible online at Uncle Joe’s nuts, oils, butters and meal are accessible online at www.unclejoes.co.nz and through supermarkets and specialty aliment stores.
Pinoli ache nuts: The alone bartering agriculturalist and ambassador of ache basics in the Southern Hemisphere, with added than 500,000 copse over a cardinal of orchards. Pinoli copse are insecticide and pesticide-free. These are Mediterranean bean ache nuts, a altered breed from the added accepted ones awash in supermarkets. “Our ache basics are actual aerial in protein — 34 per cent by weight, abounding college than the 13 per cent protein of alien Chinese ache nuts,” Zoe Thompson, one of the four owners, says. “They accept abounding heart-healthy oils and minerals.”
Harvesting happens in the winter months back the cones are complete but still bankrupt (usually mid-June to mid-October). “We autumn cones with poles and by duke for our adolescent copse and with a tree-shaker for our complete trees.” Store in the resealable packs in the fridge or freezer to bottle the oils.
Pinoli ache basics are accessible online at pinoli.co.nz, through delis, specialist aliment aliment and at Giapo in Auckland — should you acquirement their ache nut gelato. Additionally awash at the Marlborough Farmers’ Bazaar from October to April.
Riverina almonds: Gill Smith and Graham Farnell accept about 2000 copse in their Blenheim orchard, authoritative them the bigger almond growers in the country. As Gill says: “It’s easier to abound grapes in the aforementioned regions that clothing almonds. We are economically applicable due to Graham’s engineering diabolism (he has congenital all our accouterment at a atom of the amount of importing it).”
Probably 99 per cent of the almonds accessible in New Zealand are imported, best from California. Gill says. “Our capital affairs point is absurd to adjustment so they are beginning and spray-free. They aftertaste way bigger than alien almonds, which accept usually been out of the carapace for months.” Almonds are acceptable for the affection with the adeptness to lower cholesterol, accept acceptable levels of calcium and are a affluent antecedent of fibre and vitamin E. They additionally comprise about 50 per cent oil so are acceptable for the bark as well.
Harvesting happens in the autumn (March and April). The basics are sundried on racks in the carapace for about six weeks. Green almonds can additionally be eaten about November and December.
Almonds will accumulate for up to bristles years in the carapace accouterment the shells are closed and they are broiled properly. Shelf activity is bound afterwards shelling. Use them fresh, or benumb to stop oxidation.
Riverina advertise their almonds raw, roasted, salted, garlic, chilli, smoked, candied, biscotti and adulate (raw and roasted) at the Marlborough Farmers’ Bazaar and at the Nelson Farmers’ Market. Added sales for adulate and raw basics are via email appeal and banal is bound as they advertise all year round.
John and Sue Brokx abound macadamias in the foothills of the Waitakere Ranges in West Auckland breadth they accept about 2500 copse bearing amoebic nuts, awash beneath their WhyNut label. The brace say that afterwards growing for 10 years they absitively to go amoebic — to advance the bloom of their clay and to abound basics after compromising the ambiance and their own health. John, a aliment engineer, congenital an apparatus shed, now continued into their own accountant macadamia nut processing plant.
Most of the macadamia basics on auction actuality are alien from Australia, their country of origin. We aftermath beneath than 1 per cent of the world’s macadamias. Macadamia basics accommodate a ambit of nutrients. The monounsaturated fats advice abate cholesterol and advice to apple-pie the arteries. They accept a aerial flavonoid content, which converts into antioxidants in our body. Palmitoleic acerbic increases fat metabolism and reduces fat storage. As able-bodied as proteins, macadamias accommodate phosphorus, magnesium, copper, oleic acerbic and magnesium. Macadamia basics accept an optimal antithesis of omega 3 to omega 6 blubbery acids.
Sue’s adviser to affairs and storing: Correct accumulator is actual important as macadamias accept a aerial oil agreeable and can become rancid. The oils are mainly monounsaturated, however, which agency they are beneath decumbent to blaze than polyunsaturated fats. Store in a cool, dry area. Afterwards aperture packaged nuts, abode them in a closed closed container, finer glass, or a resealable bag to assure from air and moisture. Refrigeration extends the shelf life, but do not betrayal the macadamias to odours. Freezing added extends the shelf activity if they are captivated in artificial central a resealable freezer bag. Thaw boring to anticipate damp abstract and accident of crispness. Raw macadamia basics aftermost best than broiled nuts, as do beyond grades. Buy from a boutique or bazaar breadth there is a aerial turnover, abnormally if affairs from aggregate bins. The macadamia basics should be adequate from light, oxygen, damp and heat. Cellophane or artificial accoutrements do not accommodate this protection. Buy bounded or New Zealand developed breadth possible. Macadamia oil should be bright and ablaze in colour. It has a aerial smoke point and attenuate flavour.
WhyNuts (from Macadamia Holdings) advertise their certified amoebic basics at best amoebic and accustomed shops, decidedly in the North Island. Accustomed or raw macadamia basics are favoured. Additionally accessible are dry roasted; salted; milk and aphotic amber and macadamia advance in accustomed and dry roasted.
Get the idea: Ray McVinnie’s account for affable with nuts
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